The region of Nitra is made up of a low plain. It adjoins Hungary to the
south with the Danube forming a border between the two countries. The city of Komarno, a
river port of great importance, is located on the border.
This plain region offers several touristic possibilities with its thermal springs, its forests and its parks which make for an attractive setting. The region possesses a number of quite interesting historical monuments.
Area: 6,343 square kilometers
Principal Cities: Nitra, Nove Zamky, Levice, Komarno
The number of hotels in this region is particularly large and numerous activities are available.
Nitra is one of the oldest town settlements in Slovakia. As early as the 9th century, it was a princely seat and bishopric of the Great Moravian Empire and later it welcomed the pretender to the throne of Hungary. In 830, the first Christian church in Slovakia saw the light of day there. Nitra became an independent royal town in 1248. It suffered from several Turkish invasions. The Nitra Castle is the most visited monument in the city. The Upper Town is comprised of a harmonious group of particularly well-preserved historical buildings. There is a Franciscan Church, burgher houses and an art gallery. A permanent exhibition at the Nitra Museum shows the history of the city, its surrounding areas and Slovakia. The Nitra State Gallery, the Gallery of the Young, and the Art Gallery present Slovakian works as well as temporary exhibitions by foreign artists. The cultural life in Nitra is very rich. A classical guitar festival is organized there each year.
The areas around Nitra provide several highly interesting activities. A hiking path will take you, for example, to Zobor Peak (588 meters), from the top of which is a lovely view of this winegrowing region. The region of Nitra attracts visitors by its protected natural riches. The national natural reserve at Zobor and the one at Lukpa are home to numerous species of animals and plants. The forest of chestnut trees in Jelenska Gastanica is particularly interesting to discover.
Topolcianky is a village located 30 kilometers to the northeast of Nitra. It houses a Renaissance castle, whose architecture reflects a classic and then Baroque influence. At Topolcianky, there is also a European buffalo reserve and horse-breeding farms.
The border port town of Komarno is a city with a rich cultural patrimony. Impressive fortifications were built here which gave it the reputation of being impregnable. The town was constructed in a fan-shaped lay-out, with the streets converging at a single point. One part of the ramparts has been preserved as well as the Bratislava Gate. In addition to these fortifications, there are numerous historical monuments.