The Slovak Republic was formerly part of Czechoslovakia and hence some older maps still refer to the now disbanded country. Slovakia is bordered by Poland to the North, Ukraine to the East, Hungary to the West and the Czech Republic to the North West.
As of December 21, 2007 Slovakia becomes part of the Schengen area. This means that there will be no more border controls on European Union member state borders. The only remaining controlled border will be with the Ukraine.